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The Leadership Practices Inventory is a questionnaire that contains 30 behavioral statements—six for each of The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership?—and takes 10 to 20 minutes to complete. Leaders and individuals complete the LPI Self, rating themselves on the frequency with which they believe they engage in each of the 30 behaviors. Five to ten other people—typically selected by the leaders—complete the LPI Observer, indicating the frequency with which they think the leader engages in each behavior.The LPI 360 is an observer-based tool for leaders and managers at all levels in an organization—commercial and nonprofit, health care and government—that incorporates the LPI Self instrument (completed by the Leader) and the LPI Observer that gathers important insight from bosses, co-workers, direct reports, and others who have direct experience of the individual leader in a leadership role.LPI SELF: a 30-item assessment that provides a way for individual leaders to measure the frequency of their own leadership behaviors on a 10-point frequency scaleLPI Observer: a 30-item assessment that provides 360-degree feedback on the frequency of an individual’s leadership behaviors on a 10-point frequency scale, completed by up to 10 people selected by the leader to participate in the process.

Why is 360-Degree Feedback Important?Just as the best companies are concerned about the quality of their relationships with their customers, the best leaders seek feedback—positive and negative—about how they're doing in their relationships with constituents. Leaders have multiple constituents, including internal and external customers, in addition to managers, co-workers, and direct reports. Only by getting all of these different perspectives can they learn to fully appreciate how they are seen from all angles and all points of view. As a 360-degree instrument, the LPI captures a complete portrait of leaders. With data from multiple perspectives, they can see where there's consistency and inconsistency, agreement and disagreement, about their strengths and weaknesses. Using this information, they can then determine what and how to improve.